### What They Need To Know

**In math**, students will work with whole numbers and place value. They will group numbers into tens and ones, and learn to add and subtract up through 20. They will use charts, tables, and diagrams to solve problems.

**In English Language Arts**, children will continue to learn the letters and sounds that make up words. They will think, talk, and write about what they read in stories, articles, and other sources of information. In writing, students will work on putting together clear sentences on a range of topics, using a growing vocabulary.

### Math

- Solve word problems by adding or subtracting numbers up through 20
- Solve addition and subtraction problems for different unknown numbers (20 -? =15, 9 + 4 = ?)

**Addition**

- 6 bunnies sat on the grass. Some more bunnies hopped over. Then there were 14 bunnies.How many bunnies hopped over?

**Subtraction**

- 14 bunnies were sitting on the grass. Some bunnies hopped away. Then there were 5 bunnies. How many bunnies hopped away?

**Comparison**

Lucy has 12 apples. Julie has 9 apples. How many more apples does Lucy have than Julie?

Use pictures and diagrams to show addition and subtraction and to compare amounts.

**See chart in printout:**

Lucy has three more apples than Julie.

Julie has three fewer apples than Lucy.

**Place Value**

**Classroom task: Nina's Numbers**

This problem gives the chance to show understanding of whole numbers (answers below)

- Nina loves to play Fill in the Blank games.

**1.**Write the numbers that belong in each blank.

a) 25, _, 35, 40, _, 50

b) 4, 7, _, 13, _, 19, __, 25

**2.** Fill in the missing number to make this number sentence correct.

58 + __ = 65

Show your work using pictures, words, and numbers

- Nina has three number cards.

**3.** What is the largest two-digit number Nina can make using these cards?

Write that number in the boxes.

**4.** Using these same cards, what two-digit number can Nina make that is closest to 45?

Write that number in the boxes.

**5.** Show how you figured it out using pictures, words, and numbers.

**Help children learn outside school**

**1.** Look for everyday opportunities to have your child do math. For example: If you open a carton of eggs and take out seven, ask, "How many are left in the carton?"

**2.** Play math games with your child. For example: "I'm thinking of a number. When I add five to it, I get 11. What is the number?"

**3.** Encourage your child to read and write numbers in different ways. For example: What are ways that can make the number 15? 15 can be 10+5, 7+8, 20-5, or 5+5+5.

**4.** Have your child create story problems to represent addition, subtraction, and comparisons. For example: "I have seven pennies. My brother has five pennies. How many pennies does he need to have the same number as I have? He needs two more pennies."

### English

**Reading literature**

- Retell stories, including key details. Show understanding of the lesson or moral of a story.
- Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

**Reading for information**

- Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.
- Use illustrations and details in a text to describe key ideas.

**Writing**

- Name a topic and supply some facts about the topic.
- Give a conclusion.

**Classroom Task: Informational Report about Community Workers**

Students read a book about mail carriers, grocers, police officers, EMTs, librarians or garbage collectors. Then they complete a "graphic organizer" to include an introduction, main idea, three important details, and a conclusion.

### Answers

**Nina's Numbers**

1. **a)** 30, 45

**b)** 10,16,22

**2.** 7. Show work, such as: 65 – 58 = 7

**3.** 85

**4.** 38

**5.** Write that 38 is closer to 45 than 53, 83 or 85

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